Hieromonk Atanasije Jevtić

Dialogue on Marxist and Christian understanding of religion and philosophy

pages: 131-144

Abstract

This dialogue concentrated on nine themes:

  1. On Durkheim’s conception of religion and the alleged tendency of the Othodox Church to influence the secular level of life, too. The author stated, first, that Durkheim based his evaluation of religion mainly on totemism, and then, he envisaged human society itself as »God« ... It is true that Christianity is socially oriented religion, as the »New Israel of God«, but its roots are transcendental ones.

The catholicity of the Church, as a nota Ecclesiae, proves to be a special attractive power of Her to transfigure all the aspects of human life and culture. But the Orthodox Church has no inquisition. She heightens the sense of creativity in freedom. Therefore she does not intend to meddle in the political affairs, neither to be a partner of some ruling class. She wants to be »light and salt to the world«.

  1. On the roots of man’s religiosity, especially among young people today. The fact is that our youth is in quest of geniune Truth.

  2. On the relationship between Church and society (State).

  3. The attitide of our clergy towards socialism.

  4. Church and Nation.

  5. Marx’ criticism of Religion.

  6. On the opinion of M. Kershovan: that Religion will be alive even in the classless society.

  7. Philosophy of the Eastern Christianity (especially in Russia).

  8. On possibility or impossibility of a theological ontology.

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