This paper traces certain psycho–cultural aspects of the first period in the Byzantine iconoclasm (7th century) and tends to demonstrate the measure in which it, as a movement, has a broader secular program in its foundations and in its ranges. On one hand, its forerunners are various heresies which from the earliest centuries of Christianity latently existed in the Eastern Roman Empire. Judaism and Islam are somewhat connected to all of this. On the other hand, for some reason, certain saturation with monastic spirituality could be felt (in the period when monasticism was at its peak), and the elements of superstition emerged as well as aversion towards “discipline”, mysticism and conservatism. A certain parallel with some western European social tendencies and movements in the 14th to 16th century could be found, as well as with the hesyhastic conflict of the Late Byzantine period.