In the presented article author deals with exegetical and theological meaning of the term „Sophia Theou“ (the Wisdom of the God) in the Holly Scriptures of the Old and New Testament in the light of patristic hermeneutics and theology. Analyzing the Old Testament Sophia- doctrine according to the New Testament theology, the author finds the personal character of the eternal Wisdom, underlines sophiological character of the Prologue of the Fourth Gospel and establishes the direct relationship between two important biblical terms: „Sophia Theou “ (the Wisdom of the God) and „Logos Theou “ (The Word of the God). He also points the place of the Sophiology in the theology> and in the revelation and, according to the vivid experience of the Church, he interprets the liturgical texts of the Church in which the term „ Wisdom: is mentioned and especially the liturgical texts of the Pentecost.
Dealing with Russian authors and theologians, the author pays special attention to the Solovyev’s, Florensky’s and Bulgakov’s Sophia-doctrines and analyzes it from the triadological, Christological and ecclesiological point of view. Author’s conclusion upon the matter is thatsophianism of the Russian authors is not based on the patristic doctrines. That is the reason why he establishes lexical difference between sophiology (biblical and patristic Sophia-doctrine) and sophianism (Sophia-doctrine in the Russian religious thought, heavily influences by the philosophy of German classical idealism).