Architect Predrag Ristich

Ascension of space

pages: 217-222

Abstract

Throughout many different civilizations (Egypt, India, Hetti, Greece) there was a search for degravitation of the space, especially tin the sacral buildings. This degravitation or »ascension« of the space was for the first time perfectly realized in the construction of St. Sophia in Constantinople: its central cupola seems to hover above earth. This achievement in marble, before concrete was invented, is a source of perpetual astonishment.

Only in our days the intimate architecture was widely developed. Its main proponents were Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier. This trend of the aerial architecture reached its perfection in the third great architect Miss Van de Roe, who used mainly glass and steel. However, a shortcoming of this aerial space is the lack of intimacy, which the old architecture possessed. It is more industrial and abstract than human. However, this trend opens new abundance of forms, unimaginable for a sole artist of previous times.

The progress of technical science enabled the appearance of a new art — the film. The film can show everything that man can imagine. Maybe, we are not very far from the invention of a spatial film in which it will be possible to create a vision of all sorts of phantoms at wish. However, architecture will always be limited by the fixed principles of mathematics. Nontheless, we can foresee, through the development of technics, the abolishment of the difference between a building and a ship, so that the dreamt of illusion may become reality.

However, the aerial trend of architecture imagined by Miss Van de Roe, in its final aspiration, becomes nonsensical, irrealizable. Therefore, there canndt be perfectly pure styles of architecture. They are and should be combined. The Orthodox church in Milwaukqe, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, resembles to a flying saucer. He considers that the lower saucer of this building is the reversed central cupola of St. Sophia in the contemporary manner of building. Here is an achievement indicating the future development of church architecture.

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