Dr. Lazar Milin

Positivism and Christianity

pages: 4-16

Abstract

As the heir to and confirmation of Hume's scepticism and Kant’s criticism, the positivism of Comte is a vivid example of the philosophical denial of religion, especially of Christianity. After having expounded the biography and evaluated the place of Auguste Comte in his time, the auther argued about the essential features of Comte's positivistic philosophy and his positivistic religion, stating that:

— Buddha, Hume and Kant had an attitude towards metaphisics and religion similar to Comte. Only Comte was less consequential than they. He insists on reducing all our knowledge to empiric testing and mathematics wishing to base his atheism upon such a rational ground, overlooking the fact that the empiric testing can provide a basis only for agnostistioism, never for a positive atheism, since neither Comte nor anyone before or after him could prove by experience and mathematics non-existence of God.

Comte’s law of the three stages, through which every man as well as Mankind supposedly passes, is not only aprioristic, since it is not deduced from mathematics and experience, but it is contrary to experience, because we know that in all times there were atheists (i.e. »positivists«), who did not master any science whatsoever, and there were great scientists deeply religious. Comte himself realized that by his elimination of Christian religion he crippled the spiritual life of man and therefore he offered his own substitute of religion which could not elevate the human heart. The love which he preached was borrowed from the Bible.

We could say that Christianity was also »positivistic« in its own domain, since it is based on physical facts of Christ’s resurrection and his palpable miracles. The Apostles were criticallymiinded and »positivistic« concerning the news of Christ’s resurrection. Christianity has its own »mathematics«, where the equations are the parables of Christ, which express the eternal relationship between God and man. The author considers that Comte made an involuntary service to the Christain apologetics by asserting that historically religion is older than atheism, which would confirm that man in his nature is a religious being.

DOI:

none

UDC:

none

get pdf