Stefan Jovanović

Unphilosophical Philosophy of Time — Another Review of Oscar Cullman’s Нeilsgeschichte

pages: 39-54


The question of time represents the litmus pa­per on which we can see the underlying ontological view of the author. Reconsideration of influences on this field can help us in better understanding of movement of main tho­ught during the 20th century theology formulation. In this research, we have focused on time, as perceived by Oscar Cullman, an eminent protestant 20th century theologian, in the light of certain teachings from the opus of the Fathers. Aforementioned teachings are selected based on the specific correlation in regards to certain places in Cullman’s system which, in our opinion, demand deeper criticism. First of all, we will take into consideration Origen’s understanding of time as the unity of time and space, as well as its teleological nature; also, we will contemplate the ways of corresponden­ce between the Cullman’s narrative about the history as the stage where a ‘game’ between God and people takes place, and the time which he strives to conceive without any phi­losophical hermeneutics. Furthermore, we will compare the Epectasy from the teachings of St. Gregory of Nyssa, along with everything that comes with it, with Cullman’s under­standing of the eternal time as qualitatively equal to the present. In the end, as a natural follow up on our previous chapter, we will observe Cullman’s understanding of the qu­ality of time correlating with teachings of St. Maximus the Confessor based on the interpretation of the syntagma “ἃματῷγενέσθαι”. This should all contribute to the revision of the Cullman’s concept of time, as well as its qualitative va­lue in history and ‘after history’.


27-185.5 Кулман О.

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